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Glossary – J


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Jacobi’s Disease – Any of several disorders characterized by patchy discoloration of the skin

Jaundice – A condition in which the skin and the whites of the eyes become yellow, urine darkens, and the color of stool becomes lighter than normal. Jaundice occurs when the liver is not working properly or when a bile duct is blocked

JCA – Juvenile Court Act

JD – Juvenile Delinquent

JDC – Juvenile Detention Center

JDCAP – Juvenile Detention Centers Association of Pennsylvania

Jigsaw Classroom – A cooperative group-learning technique designed to reduce prejudice and raise self-esteem

JJ – Juvenile Justice

JJDPA – Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act

JOBS – Job Opportunities and Basic Skills

JPO – Juvenile Probation Officer

JTPA – Job Training and Partnership Act

Judge – Determines adjudications of dependency and delinquency and determines dispositions

Jurisdiction – A legal term referring to the authority or power that a court will have over the individuals or the subject matter of the cases that will appear before it for consideration or decision.

Juvenile – A person 13 to 18 years of age

Juvenile Act – State legislation that dictates the rules and regulations of Juvenile Court

JWB – Juvenile Welfare Board